Dr William Connolley / Senior Scientific Officer / Climate Modeller / Physical Sciences Division

I work on various aspects of Antarctic Climate. For the last few years I have been heavily involved with sea ice modelling, implementing, tuning and verifying the elastic-viscous-plastic sea ice dynamics scheme within the Hadley Centre's model HadCM3 (Connolley et al. 2003; Turner et al, 2001), and implementing more physcially based parametrisations of seaice-related processes, e.g. the ocean to ice heat flux. Previously, in backwards order, I have worked on understanding the warming seen around the Antarctic peninsula by comparison of climate models and observations (Vaughan et al, 2003; Connolley and O'Farrell, 1998) the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave, its long-term variation, and possible wider links to ENSO (Connolley, 2002); Antarctic atmospheric variability (Lachlan-Cope et al., 2001; Connolley, 1997); improvements to the surface heat flux parametrisation in GCMs (King and Connolley, 2000 and 1997) and the surface mass balance of Antarctica, its representation in GCMs, and atmospheric moisture transport to Antarctica (Connolley and King, 1996).


Connolley, W. M.; Gregory J. M.; Hunke E.; McLaren, A. 2004. On the consistent scaling of terms in the sea-ice dynamics equation, JPO, 34 (7): 1776-1780 JUL 2004.

Marshall GJ, Stott PA, Turner J, Connolley WM, King JC, Lachlan-Cope TA, 2003, Causes of exceptional atmospheric circulation changes in the Southern Hemisphere, GRL, 31 (14): art. no. L14205 JUL 30 2004

Connolley, W. M. 2002. Long-term variation of the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave, JGR-Oceans, doi:10.1029/2000JC000380 [Print 108(C4), 2003]

D. G. Vaughan, G. J. Marshall, W. M. Connolley, C. L. Parkinson, R. Mulvaney, D. A. Hodgson, J. C. King, C. J. Pudsey, and J. Turner. Recent rapid regional climate warming on the Antarctic Peninsula. Climatic Change, 60 (3): 243-274 OCT 2003.

Tom A. Lachlan-Cope, William M. Connolley, and John Turner, THE ROLE OF THE NON-AXISYMMETRIC ANTARCTIC OROGRAPHY IN FORCING THE OBSERVED PATTERN OF VARIABILITY OF THE ANTARCTIC CLIMATE, Geophysical Research Letters, 2001, v28 no 21, pp 4111-4114.

Connolley, W. M.; Cresswell, D. J.; Keen, A. 2003. Results from the implementation of Elastic-Viscous-Plastic rheology in the UKMO Hadley Center coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere GCM (egs abstract http://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/13640/EAE03-J-13640.pdf).

Turner, J, W Connolley, D Cresswell and S A Harangozo (2001). The simulation of Antarctic sea ice in the Hadley Centre climate model (HadCM3). Ann. Glaciol., 33, 585-591.

King J. C. and Connolley, W. M. 2000. Sensitivity of modelled Antarctic climate to surface and boundary layer flux parametrizations, Q. J. Royal Met. Soc.

W. M. Connolley and S. P. O'Farrell, 1998. Comparison of Warming Trends Over the Last Century From Three Coupled Models Around Antarctica. "Antarctica and Global Change: interactions and impacts", Hobart, July 1997. Annals of Glaciology, 27: 565-570.

W. M. Connolley, 1997, Variability in Annual Mean Circulation in Southern High Latitudes, Climate Dynamics, 13: 745-756.

J.C. King and W.M. Connolley, 1997, Validation of the Surface Energy Balance over the Antarctic Ice Sheets in the UKMO Unified Climate Model, J. Climate., 10, No.6, pp.1273-1287.

W. M. Connolley and J. C. King, 1996, A Modelling and Observational Study Of East Antarctic Surface Mass Balance. JGR, 101, D1, p1335-1343.

Fuller papers list